Unemployment Rate Dips to 3.5 Percent
October 4, 2019 – Employers added 136,000 jobs last month as the U.S. unemployment rate declined to 3.5 percent, according to the most recent U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics report. The increase was below the 145,000 forecast by economists but close enough to signal a relatively stable and healthy jobs market. The September gain is the 108th consecutive month of job growth. The number of unemployed currently stands at 5.8 million.
The key question now: can the U.S. economy continue to expand in the face of growing headwinds – from weak manufacturing to a looming recession in Germany to the fallout from Brexit later this year.
“What I’m hearing is different from what I’m seeing.” Tom Gimbel, CEO of LaSalle Network, told the New York Times. “With so much uncertainty, some chief executives say they are afraid of having too much capital invested in their business. But what I’m seeing is that people are still hiring,” he said. His firm’s revenue, he said, is up 15 percent from last year, and placements are up eight percent.
Where Job Growth Occurred
- In September, healthcare added 39,000 jobs, in line with its average monthly gain over the prior 12 months. Ambulatory healthcare services (+29,000) and hospitals (+8,000) added jobs over the month.
- Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in September (+34,000). The industry has added an average of 35,000 jobs per month thus far in 2019, compared with 47,000 jobs per month in 2018.
- Employment in government continued on an upward trend in September (+22,000). Federal hiring for the 2020 Census was negligible (+1,000). Government has added 147,000 jobs over the past 12 months, largely in local government.
- Employment in transportation and warehousing edged up in September (+16,000). Within the industry, job growth occurred in transit and ground passenger transportation (+11,000) and in couriers and messengers (+4,000).
- Retail trade employment changed little in September (-11,000). Within the industry, clothing and clothing accessories stores lost 14,000 jobs, while food and beverage stores added 9,000 jobs. Since reaching a peak in January 2017, retail trade has lost 197,000 jobs.
Employers to Continue Hiring Plans into Final Quarter of 2019
U.S. employers expect the hiring pace to remain positive in the fourth quarter with hiring intentions improving one percentage point compared to a year ago, according to the latest “Employment Outlook Survey,” released by ManpowerGroup. Employers in all U.S. regions and industry sectors said they were expecting headcount to grow.
- Employment in other major industries, including mining, construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, information, financial activities, and leisure and hospitality, showed little change over the month.
Recruiting Professionals Weigh In
“The issue is not so much with the unemployment report as it is with the market’s reaction,” said Walter Baker, managing partner and founder of Pitcairn Partners. “However, given the dynamic nature of our economy and the shortage of leadership talent we do not see it impacting our business. If anything, companies will be investing to ensure that leadership is aligned to deliver on short and long term strategic business objectives.”
Hiring executive talent within the food and agricultural industry has become increasingly challenging due to the low unemployment rate and subsequent bidding wars within the industry,” said Rachel Quinn, managing director at 3P Partners. “We have seen a 50 percent increase in counter-offers since August 2018. Boards and executive committees are beginning to focus on succession planning as a result of baby-boomers retiring and heightened competition for the next generation of leaders.”
“Structuring competitive long term incentive plans aligned to net profit growth is critical to attracting and retaining highly sought after executive talent in a candidate-led market,” Ms. Quinn said. “Phantom stock plans are becoming increasingly popular as an effective ways to entice candidates who possess an owner’s mentality. ESOPs are also becoming more appealing to business owners for the tax benefits.”
CEO Confidence Remains Moderately Optimistic
Although chief executives continue to be upbeat about the economy, their confidence levels have waned in recent months. In its most recent report, the Conference Board’s “Measure of CEO Confidence” was unchanged at 43 in the second quarter (a reading of more than 50 points reflects more positive than negative responses).
“The hiring process has become more complex – our clients are seeking a more value-added approach rather than standard scorecards to rank candidates based on how their experience matches the needs of the business, there is a greater emphasis on quantitative data or evidence based insights, such as aptitude tests or personality assessments, to support their decision making on the potential fit and how this person will impact the culture of their team and the wider organization,” Ms. Quinn said.
“While there is some general concern about the inevitable end to this business cycle, we are not seeing it yet in the actions of our clients,” said David Windley, CEO of IQTalent Partners. “The talent market is still tight for good talent, and the need to hire the right talent is still high.”
“We are seeing a clear softening in hiring in the industrial segment, with substantial softening in the automotive sector,” said Bradley Holden, president at Holden Richardson. “Tariffs are impacting quarterly performance across the board for industrials and the continuing back-and forth on Chinese trade has company’s holding back on new hiring until there is some clear path forward. The prolonged UAW strike is also impacting the supply base in the automotive sector.”
“We have seen the tide shifting from the employer to the candidate and companies need to make the adjustments to their recruitment process to hire top talent,” said Kellie Sarn, managing partner at Kinsley|Sarn. “Strong candidates, passive and active, often have two or three opportunities they are being actively recruited to fill. We have found that the companies that are able to move fast, have a defined and simple process, including assigned interviewer roles and have clarity on what competencies and leadership skills are most critical are the ones that are winning the war for talent.”
“This unemployment number is historic, said Andrew Golden, partner at the Atlantic Group LLC. 3.5% makes for an interesting recruiting environment. It is a candidates market. What we find most staggering is the fact there remains huge demand on talent from all types of companies. We are inundated with job requisitions in specialty areas of finance, accounting, technology, risk and compliance. There is no shortage of quality, high paying jobs in the NY Metro area for qualified candidates.”
“It continues to be a tight labor market in the non-profit sector, mirroring nonfarm payrolls throughout California, with many organizations seeking (struggling) to fill key positions,” said Victoria L. Silverman, managing founder of Cook Silverman Search. “We expect that we’ll see the same trend as the last several years, with non-profits focused on filling their currently open positions and not opening new ones until the New Year. As always, political unrest causes uncertainty in the market and this may result in less movement in the job market in the election year (2020),” she said. “The greatest challenge our industry faces is to continue to grow a strong and talented pool of diverse non-profit leaders.”
Contributed by Scott A. Scanlon, Editor-in-Chief; Dale M. Zupsansky, Managing Editor; Stephen Sawicki, Managing Editor; and Andrew W. Mitchell, Managing Editor – Hunt Scanlon Media